The Construction Product Sustainability Information Reporting Guide
GreenFormat is a CSI format that allows manufacturers to accurately report the sustainability-measuring properties of their products, and provide designers, constructors and building operators with basic information to help meet ‘green’ requirements. Designers using the web site will be able to print reports on specific products based on their queries within the database. GreenFormat has two main components:
- A reporting questionnaire formatted to enable the collection of substantiated construction product sustainability information.
- A relational database of the product information collected in the questionnaire.
The advantage of the CSI GreenFormat questionnaire is that it references specific industry standards wherever possible, and provides space at the end of each category for individual manufacturer input. The verification of sustainable claims by relating questions to standards and certifications benefits both manufacturers and designers. For manufacturers who are faced with many sustainable questionnaires, the direct link between question and verification gives them a clearer understanding of the intent of the questions. For designers, having that substantiation and verification means less concern about potential "green-washing" and misleading information.
General Organizational Structure
Sustainable information which is reported in GreenFormat is grouped into broad categories. The broad categories are divided into sub-categories. Individual topics and questions concerning sustainability are included within these sub-categories. The categories are generally organized from the more important topics to less important topics. The structure is flexible to keep up with anticipated changes. As sustainability issues evolve within the construction industry, new topics and questions can be added in the appropriate category and subcategory, and existing topics and questions which become obsolete or change can be dropped. The structure can be applied to all construction products and product categories.
GreenFormat Category Summary
1. Background Information
These fields are general, used to categorize the information by MasterFormat number, manufacturer's name, product name or trade name (with a manufacturer's brief description of the product), and date the information is provided. This is manufacturer-friendly, and allows manufacturers the flexibility to describe either standard products and product lines or unique one-of-a-kind products. Users can search this information by MasterFormat number, by manufacturer name, by trade name, or by a keyword search. It is flexible enough to also link to UniFormat and OmniClass. classification systems.
2. Product Details
This category address three of the four different methods of specifying - reference standard specification, performance specification, and descriptive specification. The fourth method of specifying, the proprietary method, would use the information presented in Category 1.
2.1 Sustainable Standards and Certifications
relates to the information which a specifier would include in the Quality Assurance article of a specification, and it provides verification of environmental claims. This acknowledges not only the importance of the Quality Assurance article in CSI's SectionFormat document, but also is necessary if the specifier is writing a reference standard specification. The information provided in this category would allow the specifier to search for a product based on its meeting a sustainable standard. This category includes firstparty self-declarations of compliance with requirements of various regulatory agencies and other standards.
2.2 Sustainable Performance Criteria
relates to the product's sustainable performance during use, and would be of primary interest when writing a performance specification or when a product's performance is being evaluated or compared to other products.
2.3 Sustainable Composition of Product
relates to what the product is made from, as well as material off-gassing. This is descriptive information and would be used when writing a descriptive specification, or when researching the composition of a product.
3. Product Lifecycle
This category describes the additional phases of a construction material's life cycle which a design professional evaluates when selecting a sustainable product (The construction and operation phases are described in Category 2). It is not an attempt to collect all the information necessary to perform a life cycle analysis of a product, but only to categorize the most important and most commonly asked sustainability questions that relate to a product's entire lifespan. These are generally recognized categories used by the sustainability community. The Sustainable Facilities Task Team has categorized and named them, as closely as possible, using the same names and construction phases used in CSI's Project Resource Manual (PRM).
3.1 Material Extraction and Transportation
relates to the embodied energy within the raw materials that make up a product and the greenhouse gasses emitted into the environment as a result of material extraction and transportation to the manufacturing plant. This category will develop and become more sophisticated in future years as more detailed information on greenhouse gas emissions becomes available.
relates to the sustainability of the manufacturing facilities and processes and their effect on the environment. Questions relate to manufacturers' verifiable commitment to sustainability, actions they have taken, and the byproducts produced as a result of their manufacturing process.
relates to sustainable issues during the construction phase. These include construction waste management, indoor air quality during construction, and contract closeout issues such as final cleaning, testing and balancing, and commissioning. The answers to these questions are incorporated into contract document specifications under Part 3 - Execution. This information is relevant for all buildings - not just sustainable construction.
relates to the durability and life span of the product, and cleaning, maintenance, and facility operation issues. This information informs the designer, the owner, and the facility manager in selecting products with long life and low maintenance.
3.5 Deconstruction / Recycling
relates to how products are processed after their useful life in the building. Material reuse and recycling have positive effects on manufacturing and construction activities by lessening the use of virgin materials. Questions in this category relate to manufacturer and industry recycling programs, product reuse, recycling options, and disposal options.
4. Additional Information
allows manufacturers to provide any additional information that they want to share about their company's environmental policy or programs, other environmental groups that also list their products, or other environmental information they want to share. This category relates to the transparency of the information provided.
is an assurance to CSI that the information provided by the manufacturer is true and correct and has the company's official endorsement behind it. Also included is a request for a manufacturer technical contact if users of the database have questions.
Appendix 1: Glossary of Terms
The following is a partial list of terms and definitions used within GreenFormat, and other related terms and definitions to assist the user in understanding the sustainable concepts in GreenFormat.* Standards referenced in GreenFormat may include additional definitions within that standard.
Any substance that is used to bond one surface to another surface by attachment. Adhesives include adhesive bonding primers, adhesive primers, and any other primer.
Synonymous with solar reflectance (see below).
Coatings formulated and recommended for use in preventing the corrosion of ferrous metal substrates.
A process where chemicals are retained in fatty body tissue and increase in concentration over time. Biomagnification is the increase of tissue accumulation in species higher in the natural food chain as contaminated food species are eaten.
Capable of being decomposed by natural biological processes; the ability of a substance to be broken down physically and/or chemically by microorganisms. For example, many chemicals, food scraps, cotton, wool, and paper are bio-degradable; plastics and polyester generally are not.
Plant material such as trees, grasses, and crops that can be converted to heat energy to produce electricity.
Materials, other than the intended product, generated as a result of an industrial process.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2):
The greenhouse gas whose concentration is being most affected directly by human activities. CO2 also serves as a reference to compare all other greenhouse gases. The major source of CO2 emissions is fossil fuel combustion. CO2 emissions are also a product of forest clearing, biomass burning, and non-energy production processes such as cement production. Atmospheric concentrations of CO2 have been increasing at a rate of about 0.5% per year and are now about 30% above preindustrial levels.
The uptake and storage of carbon. Trees and plants, for example, absorb carbon dioxide; release the oxygen, and store the carbon. Fossil fuels were at one time biomass and continue to store the carbon until burned.
Carbon reservoirs and conditions that take in and store more carbon (carbon sequestration) than they release. Carbon sinks can serve to partially offset greenhouse gas emissions. Forests and oceans are common carbon sinks.
A document that tracks the movement of a wood product from the forest to a vendor and is used to verify compliance with FSC guidelines. A "vendor" is defined as the company that supplies wood products to project contractors or subcontractors for on-site installation.
Hydrocarbons used as refrigerants that deplete the stratospheric ozone layer.
1) Reclaiming or reusing wastewater for non-potable purposes in an enclosed process. 2) Recycling in which products at the end of useful life are used as a resource to remanufacture the same product. (Source: University of York Science Education Group)
A product consisting of wood or plant particles or fibers bonded together by a synthetic resin or binder (that is, plywood, particle-board, oriented strand board (OSB), medium density fiberboard (MDF), composite door cores.)
Material which breaks down to CO2, water, inorganic compounds, and biomass at a rate consistent with other compostable materials and leaves no visible, distinguishable or toxic residue. (Source: ASTM D 6400-04)
Construction Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Management Plan:
A document specific to a building project that outlines measures to minimize contamination in the building during construction, and to flush the building of contaminants prior to occupancy.
Construction Waste Management:
Diversion of construction, demolition, and land-clearing debris from disposal in landfills and incinerators; to redirect recyclable recovered materials back to the manufacturing process.
An unwanted airborne constituent that may reduce acceptability of the air. (Source: ASHRAE 62.1-2004)
The controlled admission of natural light into space through glazing with the intent of reducing or eliminating electric lighting.
The process of taking apart a structure with the primary goal of preserving the value of all useful building materials, so that they may be reused or recycled. (Source: California Integrated Waste Management Board)
The discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any solid waste or hazardous waste into the environment (land, surface water, ground water, and air).
A basic unit of nature that includes a community of organisms and their non-living environment linked by biological, chemical and physical process.
Energy used during the entire life cycle of the product for manufacturing, transporting, and disposing of the product, as well as the inherent energy captured within the product itself.
The release or discharge of a substance into the environment. Generally refers to the release of gases or particulates into the air.
The ratio of the radiation emitted by a surface to the radiation emitted by a blackbody at the same temperature.
Environmentally Preferable Purchasing (EPP):
A United States federal-wide program (Executive Order 13101) that encourages and assists Executive agencies in the purchasing of Environmentally Preferable Products and Services.
Energy Conservation Measures:
Installations of equipment or systems, or modifications of equipment or systems, for the purpose of reducing energy use and/or costs.
Wastewater discharged from lavatories, bathtubs, showers, clothes washers, and laundry sinks. (Source: International Plumbing Code)
Greenhouse Gas (GHG):
Gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and chloroflurocarbons (CFCs) that are relatively transparent to the higher-energy sunlight, but trap lower-energy infrared radiation.
Disinformation disseminated by an organization so as to present an environmentally responsible public image. (Source: Oxford English Dictionary)
Heat Island Effect:
Effect that occurs when warmer temperatures are experienced in urban landscapes compared to adjacent rural areas as a result of solar energy retention on constructed surfaces.
Refrigerants that deplete stratospheric ozone layer.
Refrigerants that do not deplete stratospheric ozone layer, but do contribute to global warming are not environmentally benign.
Surfaces that promote runoff of precipitation volumes instead of infiltration into the subsurface.
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ):
The nature of air inside the space that affects the health and well-being of building occupants.
Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Strategies:
Strategies that include issues related to indoor air quality (IAQ) such as ventilation effectiveness and control of contaminants.
Unwanted materials produced in or eliminated from an industrial operation and categorized under a variety of headings, such as liquid wastes, sludge, solid wastes, and hazardous wastes.
Infrared or Thermal Emittance:
A parameter between 0 and 1 (or 0% and 100%) that indicates the ability of a material to shed infrared radiation (heat). The wavelength range for this radiant energy is roughly 3 to 40 micrometers. Most building materials (including glass) are opaque in this part of the spectrum, and have an emittance of roughly 0.9.
"Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design" Green Building Rating System®, a voluntary, consensus-based national standard for developing high-performance sustainable buildings, sponsored by the U.S. Green Building Council.
Life Cycle Analysis (LCA):
An evaluation of the environmental effects of a product or activity holistically, by analyzing the entire life cycle of a particular material, process, product, technology, service, or activity.
Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Method:
A technique of economic evaluation that sums over a given study period the costs of initial investment (less resale value), replacements, operations (including energy use), and maintenance and repair of an investment decision (expressed in present or annual value terms).
Life Cycle Inventory (LCI):
An accounting of the energy and waste associated with the creation of a new product through use and disposal.
Waste light from building sites that produces glare, is directed upward to the sky or is directed off the site.
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS):
Printed material concerning a hazardous chemical, or extremely hazardous substance, including its physical properties; hazards to personnel; fire and explosion potential; safe handling recommendations; health effects; fire fighting techniques; reactivity, and proper disposal. Originally established for employee safety by OSHA.
Minimized or Minimization:
Measures or techniques that reduce the amount of wastes generated during industrial production processes; this term also is applied to recycling and other efforts to reduce the volume of waste going into landfills. This term is interchangeable with waste reduction and waste minimization.
The emission of volatile organic compounds from synthetic and natural products.
Liquid, liquefiable, or mastic compositions that are converted to a solid protective, decorative, or functional adherent film after application as a thin layer. These coatings are intended for on-site application to interior or exterior surfaces of residential, commercial, institutional, or industrial buildings.
The percent of the surface area of a paving material that is open and allows moisture to pass through the material and soak into the earth below the paving system.
A substance used as a sealant on porous materials. Porous materials have tiny openings, often microscopic, in which fluids may be absorbed or discharged. Such materials include, but are not limited to, wood, fabric, paper, corrugated paperboard, and plastic foam.
Waste material generated by households or by commercial, industrial, and institutional facilities in their role as end-users of the product, that can no longer be used for its intended purpose. This includes return of materials from the distribution chain. Examples include construction and demolition debris; materials collected through curbside and drop-off recycling programs; discarded products, and urban maintenance waste. (Source: ISO 14021)
Post-Consumer Recycled Content:
Percentage of post-consumer material, by weight, incorporated into the product.
Material diverted from the waste stream during the manufacturing process. Excluded is reutilization of materials such as rework, re-grind or scrap generated in a process and capable of being reclaimed within the same process that generated it. Examples include planer shavings, sawdust, chips, sunflower seed hulls, walnut shells, culls, trimmed materials, and obsolete inventories. (previously referred to as Post-Industrial). (Source: ISO 14021)
Pre-Consumer Recycled Content:
Percentage of pre-consumer material, by weight, incorporated into the product.
Water suitable for drinking and supplied from wells or municipal water systems.
Rapidly Renewable Materials:
Material considered to be an agricultural product, both fiber and animal, that takes ten years or less to grow or raise, and to harvest in an ongoing and sustainable fashion. Rapidly renewable materials include products made from bamboo, cotton, flax, jute, straw, sunflower seed hulls, vegetable oils, wheat, or wool.
See Post-Consumer Recycled Content and Pre-Consumer Recycled Content.
The collection, reprocessing, marketing, and use of materials that were diverted or recovered from the solid waste stream.
A strategy to lessen or minimize material use or to use materials more efficiently.
Regionally Manufactured Materials:
For purposes of this document, must be assembled as a finished product within a 500-mile radius of the project site. Assembly, as used for this definition, does not include on-site assembly, erection, or installation of finished components, as in structural steel, miscellaneous iron, or systems furniture.
Regionally Extracted, Harvested, or Recovered Materials:
For purposes of this document, must have their source as a raw material from within a 500-mile radius of the project site.
Power derived from solar electric, wind, geothermal, biomass, or low-impact hydroelectric sources. See Center for Resource Solutions (CRS), Green-e (www.green-e.org) for a definition of renewable sources and product certification requirements.
Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs):
RECs are a representation of the environmental attributes of green power and are sold separately from the electrons that make up the electricity. RECs allow the purchase of green power even when the electrons are not purchased. Sometimes called "green tags" or "Tradable Renewable Certificates".
A strategy to return materials to active use in the same or a related capacity.
Construction materials recovered from existing buildings or construction sites and reused in other buildings. Common salvaged materials include structural beams and posts, flooring, doors, cabinetry, brick, and decorative items.
Any material with adhesive properties that is formulated primarily to fill, seal, or waterproof gaps or joints between two surfaces. Sealants include sealant primers and caulks.
Solar Reflectance (Albedo):
The ratio of the reflected solar energy to the incoming solar energy over wavelengths of approximately 0.3 to 2.5 micrometers. A reflectance of 100% means that all of the energy striking a reflecting surface is reflected back into the atmosphere and none of the energy is absorbed by the surface.
Solar Reflectance Index (SRI):
A measure of a material's ability to reject solar heat, as shown by a small temperature rise. It is defined so that a standard black (reflectance 0.05, emittance 0.90) is 0 and a standard white (reflectance 0.80, emittance 0.90) is 100.
Water volumes that are created during precipitation events and flow over surfaces into sewer systems or receiving waters.
The practice of managing forest resources to meet the long-term forest product needs of humans while maintaining the biodiversity of forested landscapes. The primary goal is to restore, enhance, and sustain a full range of forest values, economic, social, and ecological.
A condition of mind experienced by building occupants expressing satisfaction with the thermal environment.
A chemical or mixture that can cause illness, death, disease, or birth defects. The quantities and exposures necessary to cause these effects can vary widely. Many toxic substances are pollutants and contaminants in the environment.
A combination of urea and formaldehyde that is used in some glues and may emit formaldehyde at room temperature.
The process of supplying air to or removing air from a space for the purpose of controlling air contaminant levels, humidity, or temperature within the space. (Source: ASHRAE 62.1-2004)
Visible Light Transmittance (Tvis):
The ratio of total transmitted light to total incident light. In other words, it is the amount of visible spectrum (380 - 780 nanometers) light passing through a glazing surface divided by the amount of light striking the glazing surface. A higher Tvis value indicates that a greater amount of visible spectrum incident light is passing through the glazing.
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs):
Carbon compounds that participate in atmospheric photochemical reactions (excluding carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, carbonic acid, metallic carbides and carbonates, and ammonium carbonate). The compounds vaporize (become a gas) at normal room temperatures.
*Source of Terms and Definitions: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency "Terminology Reference System" and U.S. Green Building Council "LEED-NC Reference Guide Version 2.2", unless otherwise noted in parentheses after the definition.
Appendix 2: Referenced Standards
ASHRAE - American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers - www.ashrae.org
- 62.1-2007: Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality
- 90.1-2004: Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings
ASTM - American Society for Testing and Materials International - www.astm.org
- C518-04 - Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
- C1371-04a - Standard Test Method for Determination of Emittance of Materials Near Room Temperature Using Portable Emissometers
- C1549-04 - Standard Test Method for Determination of Solar Reflectance Near Ambient Temperature Using a Portable Solar Reflectometer
- D6400-04 - Standard Specification for Compostable Plastics
- D6868-03 - Standard Specification for Biodegradable Plastics Used as Coatings on Paper and Other Conpostable Substrates
- D7081-05 - Standard Specification for Non-Floating Biodegradable Plastics in the Marine Environment
- E408-71 (2008) - Standard Test Methods for Total Normal Emittance of Surfaces Using Inspection-Meter Techniques
- E1333-96: Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Concentrations in Air and Emissions Rates from Wood Products Using a Large Chamber
- E1980-01 - Standard Practice for Calculating Solar Reflectance Index of Horizontal and Low-Sloped Opaque Surfaces
- BIFMA - Business and Institutional Furniture Manufacturers Association - www.bifma.com
CRI - Carpet and Rug Institute - www.carpet-rug.org
- Green Label Plus Testing Program (Carpet and Carpet Adhesive)
- Green Label Testing Program (Carpet Pad)
CRRC - Cool Roof Rating Council - www.coolroofs.org
- 1 - Product Rating Program Manual
CRS - Center for Resource Solutions - www.green-e.org
- green-e Product Certification Requirements (for Renewable Energy)
CSA - Canadian Standards Association - www.csa.ca
- 2810: Life Cycle Impact Assessment: Pulp and Paper Production Phase
- EPAct - Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992 (water fixture maximum flow rates)
EPA - Environmental Protection Agency - www.epa.gov
- Comprehensive Procurement Guide - www.epa.gov/oswer/non-hw/procure/products.htm
- Energy Star Rating System - www.energystar.gov/products
- National VOC Emission Standard - www.epa.gov/epp/pubs/envlab/volatile.pdf
- Priority PBT List - www.epa.gov/pbt/pubs/cheminfo.htm
- Reference Test Method 24 - Surface Coatings
- FSC - Forest Stewardship Council's Principles and Criteria - http://www.fscus.org
- GREENGUARD Environmental Institute - www.greenguard.org
- GREENGUARD Certification Standards for Low Emitting Products for the Indoor Environment
- GREENGUARD Product Emission Standard for Children and Schools
Green Seal - www.greenseal.org
- GC-03 - Anti-Corrosive Paints - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/anti-corrosivepaints.cfm
- GC-09 - Residential Central Air Conditioning Systems - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/residential-ac-central.cfm
- GC-12 - Occupancy Sensors - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/occupancysensors.cfm
- GC-13 - Split-Ductless Air-Source Heat Pumps (GC-13) - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/splitductless_heatpumps.cfm
- GC-15 - Residential Central Air Source Heat Pumps - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/residential-ac-heatpumps.cfm
- GS-05 - Compact Fluorescent Lamps - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/
- GS-11 - Paints - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/paints.cfm
- GS-13 - Windows (GS-13) - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/windows.cfm
- GS-14 - Window Films (GS-14) - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/windowfilms.cfm
- GS-31 - Electric Chillers - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/electricchillers.cfm
- GS-32 - Photovoltaic Modules - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/
- GS-36 - Commercial Adhesives, October 19, 2000 - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/commercialadhesives.cfm
- GS-37 - Industrial and Institutional Cleaners: Green Seal Environmental Standard for General-Purpose, Bathroom, Glass, and Carpet Cleaners Used for Industrial and Institutional Purposes - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/gs37.pdf
- GS-40 - Industrial and Institutional Floor Care Products: Finishes and Compatible Strippers Used for Industrial and Institutional Purposes - www.greenseal.org/certification/standards/gs40.pdf
- GS-43 - Recycled-Content Latex Paint, August 1 2006
- IDA - International Dark-Sky Association - www.darksky.org/ida/ida_2/index.html
ISO - International Organization for Standardization - www.iso.org
- 14001:1996 - Environmental Management Systems - Specification with Guidance for Use
- 14021:1999 - Environmental Labels and Declarations - Self-Declared Environmental Claims (Type II Environmental Labeling)
- 14024:1999 - Environmental Labels and Declarations - Type I Environmental Labeling - Principles and Procedures
- 14025:2006 - Environmental Labels and Declarations - Type III Environmental Declarations - Principles and Procedures
- 14040:2006 - Environmental Management - Life Cycle Assessment - Principles and Framework
- 21930 - Sustainability in Building Construction - Environmental Declaration of Building Products
NFRC - National Fenestration Rating Council - www.nfrc.org
- 100-04 - Procedure for Determining Fenestration Product Thermal Properties
- 200-04 - Procedure for Determining Fenestration Product Solar Heat Gain Coefficients at Normal Incidence
- 300-04 - Procedures for Determining Solar Optical Properties of Simple Fenestration Products
- 400-04 - Procedure for Determining Fenestration Product Air Leakage
- 500-04 - Procedure for Determining Fenestration Product Condensation Resistance Values
- PEFC - Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification - www.pefc.org
- RFCI - Resilient Floor Covering Institute - www.rfci.com
- FloorScore - Testing program certified by SCS to comply with the VOC emissions criteria of the CA CHPS Section 01350 emissions standard - www.scscertified.com/iaq/floorscore.html
- SCS - Scientific Certification Systems - www.scscertified.com
- SFI - Sustainable Forestry Initiative - www.sfiprogram.org
- SGS - SGS Group - www.sgs.comwww.sgs.com
NSF - National Science Foundation - www.nsf.gov
- 140 - Sustainable Carpet Assessment
- SmartWood - www.rainforest-alliance.org/programs/forestry/smartwood/
- Soil Association - www.soilassociation.org/forestry
- SCAQMD - South Coast Air Quality Management District - www.aqmd.gov/rules
- CHPS - The Collaborative for High Performance Schools
- Section 01350 - Special Environmental Requirements (emissions testing requirements) - www.ciwmb.ca.gov/greenbuilding/specs/
- OEHHA - Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment
- California Proposition 65 Chemicals - List of chemicals known by California EPA to cause cancer www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/prop65_list/newlist.html
- UL - Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
USDA - U.S. Department of Agriculture - www.biobased.oce.usda.gov/fb4p/
- Bio-based Compliant Program
- U.S. Energy Policy Act 1992 - www.loc.gov
Appendix 3: Referenced Abbreviations and Acronyms
- AFUE Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency
- ARB Air Resources Board - California (www.arb.ca.gov)
- ASHRAE American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (www.ashrae.org)
- ASSN Association
- ASTM ASTM International (www.astm.org)
- ATCM Airborne Toxic Control Measure
- Btu/h British Thermal Units per Hour
- BPI Biodegradable Products Institute (www.bpiworld.org)
- CA California
- CARE Carpet America Recovery Effort (www.carpetrecovery.org/index.php)
- CFCs Chlorofluorocarbons
- CHPS Collaborative for High Performance Schools (www.chps.net)
- CIWMB California Integrated Waste Management Board (www.ciwmb.ca.gov)
- CO2 Carbon dioxide
- COC Chain-of-Custody
- COP Coefficient of Performance
- CRI Carpet and Rug Institute (www.carpet-rug.org)
- CRRC Cool Roof Rating Council (www.coolroofs.org)
- CRS Center for Resource Solutions (www.green-e.org)
- CSI The Construction Specifications Institute (www.csinet.org)
- Def(n) Definition
- DOE U.S. Department of Energy (www.energy.gov)
- EF Energy Factor
- EcoLogo Environmental Choice (www.ecologa.org)
- EER Energy Efficiency Ratio
- EIO Event Input/Output
- EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (www.epa.gov)
- EPD Evironmental Product Declaration
- EPP Environmentally Preferable Products or Environmentally Preferable Purchasing
- EU European Union
- FEMP Federal Energy Management Program
- FM Factory Mutual (www.fmglobal.com/approvals)
- FSC Forest Stewardship Council (www.fscus.org)
- FTC Federal Trade Commission (www.ftc.gov)
- GECA Good Environmental Choice - Australia (www.geca.org.au)
- GHG Greenhouse Gas
- GRI Global Reporting Initiative (www.globalreporting.org)
- HAPS Hazardous Air Pollutants
- HCFC Hydroclorofluorocarbon
- HFC Hydrofluorocarbon
- HP Horsepower
- HVAC Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning
- HSPF Heating Seasonal Performance Factor
- IAQ Indoor Air Quality
- IDA International Dark-Sky Association (www.darksky.org)
- IEQ Indoor Environmental Quality
- IPLV Integrated Part-Load Value
- ISO International Organization for Standardization (www.iso.org)
- LCA Life Cycle Analysis
- LCC Life Cycle Cost
- LCI Life Cycle Inventory
- LEED® Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (www.usgbc.org)
- MBDC McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry (www.mbdc.com)
- MERV Minimum Efficiency Reporting Value
- Mfr Manufacturer
- MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet
- N/A Not Applicable
- NFRC National Fenestration Rating Council (www.nfrc.org)
- NGO Non-Governmental Organization
- No. Number
- OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Act
- OTC Ozone Transport Commission (www.otcair.org)
- PBT Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic pollutants (www.epa.gov/pbt/pubs/cheminfo.htm)
- ppb Parts per billion
- ppm Parts per million
- R-Value Thermal Resistance
- REC Renewable Energy Certificate (www.green-e.org)
- RFCI Resilient Floor Covering Institute (www.rfci.com)
- SARA Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (www.epa.gov/superfund/action/law/sara.htm)
- SimaPro Life Cycle Assessment software
- SCAQMD South Coast Air Quality Management District (www.aqmd.gov/rules)
- SCS Scientific Certification Systems (www.scscertified.com)
- SEER Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio
- SFTT Sustainable Facilities Task Team, the Construction Specifications Institute
- SHGC Solar Heat Gain Coefficient
- SKU Stock Keeping Unit
- SRI Solar Reflectance Index
- SRKA State Right to Know Act
- TCRR Toxic Chemical Release Reporting
- TRI Toxics Release Inventory
- Tvis Visible Light Transmittance
- TVOC Total Volatile Organic Compounds
- UL Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (www.ul.com)
- USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture (www.usda.gov)
- USGBC U.S. Green Building Council (www.usgbc.org)
- VOC Volatile Organic Compound
Appendix 4: Greenformat-LEED Relationships
|GreenFormat Category||Question||LEED Rating Point|
|2.1.2 Third Party Certification - Forestry Practices||
FSC Sustainable Source (FM)
FSC Sustainable Source (CoC)
|2.1.5 Second Party Certification Program - Whole Product Sustainability||Green Seal||EQ-4.2-LEM Paints & Coatings|
|2.1.6 Second Party Certification Program - Indoor Emissions||
Carpet: Green Label
Carpet Adhesive: Green Label
Carpet Adhesive: Green Label
Carpet Pad: Green Label
Interior Paints: Green Seal GS-1
Interior anti-corrosive paints: Green Seal GC-03
Recycled Content Latex Paint: Green Seal GS-43
EQ-4.3-LEM Carpet Systems
EQ-4.1-LEM Ahesives & Sealants
EQ-4.3-LEM Carpet System
EQ-4.3-LEM Carpet Systems
EQ-4.2-LEM Paints & Coatings
EQ-4.2-LEM Paints & Coatings
EQ-4.2-LEM Paints & Coatings
|2.1.7 Second Party Certification Program - Energy||Energy Star (many products)||EHIE Roofing SS-7.2|
|2.1.8 Second Party Certification Program - Other Certification Categories||Lighting: "Dark Sky Approved"||SS-8 Light Pollution|
|2.1.10 Self-Declaration of Compliance - Indoor Emissions||
Adhesives and Sealants SCAQMD Rule 1168
Paints and Coatings (Interior) SCAQMD Rule 1113
EQ-4.1-LEM Adhesives and Sealants
EQ-4.2-LEM Paints and Coatings
Reduced Water Use: Does the product reduce water consumption compared to the flow rate requirements of the
US Energy Policy Act of 1992?
Approximately how much
|WE-2-Innovative WW Tech (base line case) WE-3-Water Reduction|
|2.2.23 Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC)||
What is the maximum MERV rating for filters used with this equipment?
Does the minimum efficiency level meet or exceed the latest ASHRAE 90.1 standard?
EQ-1-Minimum IAQ Performance
EQ-3-CWM (project construction only)
EA Prereq-2-Min Energy
EA 1-Optimize Energy
|2.2.32 Exterior Improvements||
What % perviousness is the material?
Emissivity: Test Standard
Solar Reflectance Index (SRI):
|SS 7.1 HIE Non Roof for calculations applicable to Energy Star|
|2.3.3 Recycled Content||
Does the product contain any recycled content material?
Post-consumer: Percent by weight of total product weight (%, range)
Description of post-consumer content
Pre-consumer: Percent by weight of total product weight (%, range)
Description of pre-consumer content
Total: Percent by weight of total product
Are these measurements certified?
|MR-4.1,2 Recycled Content|
|2.3.4 Rapidly Renewable Materials||
Content in %, by weight:
Percent by weight
Is the rapidly-renewable materials content certified?
|MR-6 Rapidly Renewable|
|2.3.5 Reused Materials||
Does the product consist of essentially a salvaged, refurbished, or reused material?
If yes, identify original item: (i.e. brick, wood framing, flooring, doors, paneling, siding, etc.)
Source of Material
Is this certified?
|MR 3.1,2 Material Reuse|
For wet-applied products, what is the VOC content?
Will adding the recommended pigments increase VOCs beyond what is stated?
Does the product contain any added Urea Formaldehyde?
What is the product's formaldehyde level?
VOC concentration or emissions
EQ Credit 4.1 ,2 & 3 points Low Emitting Materials
EQ 4.4 LEM -Composite Wood & Agrifiber
|3.2.1 Regional Materials||Location(s) of manufacturing facility(s) producing the reported product: List Primary Raw Materials in Product: (ie. sand, cement, water, recycled glass, clay, wood, biofiber, etc.): (If a significant percent of the raw materials for this product (excluding water) are sourced from a specific location, please also list percent||MR-5.1,2 regional Materials|
Appendix 5: Downloadable Documents
For Users: Download the GreenFormat Questionnaire